Native to the Brittany province of Northwestern France, the Basset Fauve de Bretagne (pronounced "bas-it fov DAY bre-TAWN-yuh"), also referred to as the Tawny Brittany Basset, descended from the larger, now-extinct Grand Fauve de Bretagne. They were bred for their size and speed to be used as scenthounds to hunt rabbit, fox, and wild boar. It is uncertain how the overall height of the Basset Fauve was reduced to over half the size of the Grand Fauve de Bretagne, but it is believed that the smallest dogs of full-sized litters were bred for countless generations or that they were crossed with the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen. To retain the gorgeous fawn color of the breed, it is thought that red-colored Wirehaired Dachshunds were incorporated into the lineage somewhere around the 1970s.
The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is one of the smallest French hound breeds that has a similar shape to the Basset Hound. Developed for scent hunting, the breed has a compact frame with short legs. Their dense, wiry, low-shedding coat is extremely easy to groom and only requires regular brushing. Their dark, slightly oval-shaped eyes cause them to have a lively expression and the ears of the Basset Fauve are covered with fine, dark hair with a length that is long enough to just reach the end of the nose when pulled forward. They have a rectangular-shaped muzzle with a black nose and a medium-length tail that is carried in a "sickle-shape" when moving.
The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is known for being gentle, loving, and can make a great hunting partner or companion for any type of family. Calm, but not timid, they can be very affectionate towards the ones they love. Basset Fauves can be a little independent and strong-willed at times, but with a firm and consistent owner, they are considered to be a very smart and trainable breed. Determined, loyal, and friendly, this short-legged dog has the qualities found in the best of hounds. They can get along great with other dogs, make a nice playmate for children, and can even get along just fine with cats or other small animals if they have been properly socialized or raised with them from a young age. Like many hunting breeds, the Basset Fauve should always be monitored when not on a leash to avoid having them wander off from distractions once they pick up an interesting smell. Born for the outdoors, these active dogs were bred for the hunt and love to spend time outside but they generally do not have a problem with destructive behavior as long as they receive the proper amount of physical exercise and mental stimulation. Lively and sociable, the Basset Fauve de Bretagne can make a friendly life-long companion that also excels particularly well in hunting.