Originally named the American Black and Tan Fox and Coonhound, the breed was developed in the Southeastern United States during the early 1900s to hunt raccoons and are just one of six varieties of coonhounds that also include the American English Coonhound, Redbone Coonhound, Bluetick Coonhound, Treeing Walker Coonhound, and Plott Hound. Being a versatile scenthound that has skills in both trail and tree hunting, they share their old-type Virginia Hound ancestors with the Bloodhound, American Foxhound, and Trigg and Walker dogs. Black and Tan Coonhounds can work in any season of the year, over rough terrain, and they have even hunted big game such as deer and bear. Although not commonly seen, this hound is predominantly found throughout the southern areas of the United States.
Built more for endurance rather than speed and agility, the Black and Tan Coonhound has a beautiful black coat with distinctive symmetrical tan markings above their "pumpkin seed-shaped" eyes. Their coat is dense, glossy, and fine-textured but is thick enough to protect them from the elements during hunts. These strong, well-built coonhounds have a very sensitive nose thanks to their Bloodhound ancestors. They have hazel to dark brown eyes that match their coat color and the soft, velvety ears of the Black and Tan Coonhound extends naturally to the tip of their dark-colored nose when pulled forward. The tail of the hound is rather long and can be carried up when in action.
Coonhound breeds are known for being outgoing and friendly. They can work closely with other dogs and people due to their hunting group instincts and pack mentality. Although a powerful hunting breed, the Black and Tan Coonhound is not known to show aggression towards others. They can be reserved when around strangers, but they are affectionate and loving to their families, and also get along well with children. Confident, fast, and even-tempered, Black and Tan Coonhounds are always eager to get out onto the trail and please their owners. This eagerness can get them into trouble if they are not properly trained to respond to call back commands since they can become easily distracted by interesting smells. Similar to many other hunting breeds, these hounds are independent thinkers and can be seen as a bit stubborn during obedience training, but a properly trained hunting dog is one of the best companions you could have. They have a loud, baying bark that makes them perfect as a hunting partner, but possibly not recommended for apartments due to the noise level. Mellow and calm in the household, Black and Tan Coonhounds are an excellent pet for lovers of the outdoors and avid hunters looking for a reliable companion.