Known for being one of the best guard dogs, it makes sense that the Doberman Pinscher, also referred to by their nickname "Dobie," was originally bred to be used as an estate guardian and working dog. Originating in Germany, these pinschers were first bred by Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann from the town of Apolda during the 1890s to accompany him on his tax collecting rounds, a difficult and dangerous job during the time period. Earning their international reputation as a working dog, Dobermans have excelled at police and military work, as therapy and service dogs for the disabled, as searchers and rescuers, and in competitive dog sports. It is believed that the Dobie was created from several breeds such as the German Pinscher, Manchester Terrier, German Shepherd Dog, Rottweiler, Great Dane, Weimaraner, Black English Greyhound, and Beauceron to contribute favorable characteristics. Today, the Doberman Pinscher is one of the most recognized working dogs in the United States.
A medium-to-large breed with a square-shaped body, the Doberman Pinscher is a compact, muscular, and powerful worker with an appearance that is both elegant, reflecting their endurance and versatility. Their sleek body is covered in a smooth, short, and thick coat that comes in the colors of black, blue, fawn, or red with rust markings, which appear above each eye and on the muzzle, throat, chest, legs, feet, and below the tail. Combined with their wedge-shaped head and almond-shaped eyes, giving them an energetic expression, the Doberman is an impressive looking breed. The muzzle is square-shaped with a solid black, dark brown, dark gray, or dark tan nose, depending on the color of the coat. Well-recognized trademarks of the Dobie are their cropped ears that stand erect and docked tail that is carried slightly above the horizontal when alert.
The Doberman Pinscher is a fiercely loyal and devoted guardian that can deter all but the most foolish intruder. Although they have a reputation for being intimidating, these watchful dogs are one of the most loving companions anyone could ask for. Dobies, like a few other guard dog breeds, have come under a lot of scrutiny because of their protective backgrounds. Highly intelligent, a well-trained and well-socialized Doberman Pinscher can be very responsive and obedient with firm leadership. Their qualities of intelligence, trainability, and confidence have made them perfectly capable of performing different roles from police work to family companion and protector. The Doberman could be a great choice for a variety of households but not everyone is a good owner for a Doberman. They are not for those who cannot provide adequate socialization, are looking for an outside dog, or do not have the time to interact with them. A certain degree of aloofness is to be expected in most guardian breeds and they could show intolerant behavior towards other dogs, especially between two males. Large and athletic, these energetic dogs require a lot of exercise to remain in proper condition, serving as a great playmate but Dobies should be supervised with newly introduced pets and small children. There is a reason the Doberman Pinscher has earned a reputation in the canine world, not only for being an esteemed family guardian but also a stable and friendly dog, unless you threaten their family, of course.