The Flat-Coated Retriever, nicknamed "Flatcoat" originated in the United Kingdom during the 19th century to be used as "bark pointer" bird hunting dogs. The breed used to be called the "wavy-coated retriever," but after generations of success, they were developed to having a more flat coat. In the early 1900's, the Flat-Coated Retriever lost its popularity to the Golden Retriever, a breed that was bred by crossing the Flat-Coated Retriever with a few other retrieving breeds. By the end of World War II, the breed nearly went extinct, but regained some of its popularity during the 1960's.
Flat-Coated Retrievers are a breed that is named for their gorgeous coat. Their coat is shiny, straight, flat or slightly wavy, and all-weather to protect them from the elements that comes in either solid black or liver. Their eyes are medium-sized, almond-shaped, and range from dark brown to hazel. The ears are relatively small, lie close to the head, and are covered in feathered hair. The muzzle is long and broad, and the nose is black.
Known for their loyalty and protective-nature, Flat-Coated Retrievers make great companion animals. Due to their hunting hertiage, they have a tendency to bark at anything they consider unusual. This habit can be diminished with training and proper socialization. They are outgoing, friendly, and devoted to their families. The breed also can be great as a hunting partner due to their versatility of being able to work on land and water. Flatcoats are a very active breed and require plenty of exercise outdoors or other opportunities for physical and mental activity.