Originating in Germany, the German Shepherd was developed by Captain Max von Stephanitz during the 1800's to be used for not only herding, but also protecting and defending the livestock from predators. Even though most people know the breed as being called 'German Shepherd,' the proper English name is actually 'German Shepherd Dog,' the complete translation of "Deutscher Schferhund" from the German language. The breed was brought to the United States after World War I and became one of the most popular breeds.
A couple notable features of the German Shepherd's appearance is their deep chest and body that is more curvy than having angles, which shows off their strength and agility. The coat is a medium-long length with a wavy outercoat and a dense, straight undercoat that comes in a variety of colors. Their eyes are medium-sized, almond-shaped, and dark in color. The ears are carried straight up, especially when at attention. The head is a sloped-shape and the muzzle is long in proportion to the head with a black nose. Their tail is bushy and is thick at the base, then tapers to the end.
German Shepherds are best known for their work as police dogs, therapy dogs, service dogs, and many more due to their extreme loyalty and hard-working nature. Since they are a working breed, they are very energetic and athletic - Shepherds require plenty of daily exercise and prefer to have a job to do. With proper taining, they make a great companion to any family and also gets along well with children and other dogs.