The Löwchen's Origins and History Source: Wikipedia. Country/Region of Origin: France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain Original purpose: pet Name: also called the Little Lion Dog and Petit Chien Lion. Historical notes: The origins of the Löwchen breed are uncertain. Löwchens seem to be depicted in 16th-century paintings, but they might simply be similar-dogs. The breed was not really established until the late 19th century. The Löwchen dog breed was once one of the rarest dog breeds along with the Havanese and Portuguese Water Dog. Today, the breed is better established but there are only around a few dozen official breed registrations a year.