The Norwegian Lundehund's Origins and History Source: Wikipedia. Country/Region of Origin: Norway Original purpose: hunting Name: from 'lunde' which is Norwegian for puffin and "hund" for dog; also known as the Norsk Lundehund, Norwegian Puffin Dog, and Lundehund. Historical notes: Norwegian Lundehund dogs have been hunting puffins along the coasts of Norway as far back as the 17th century. By the time World War II began, only 5 of them were left because of neglect and dog tax. Careful and intensive breeding revived their numbers back to a few thousand around the world.