The Pembroke Welsh Corgi's Origins and History Source: Wikipedia. Country/Region of Origin: Wales Original purpose: herding sheep and cattle Name: "cor gi" translates to "dwarf dog" in Welsh. Historical notes: The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is one of two dog breeds known as Welsh Corgis. Corgis are believed to be descended from Swedish Vallhund dogs brought to Wales by the Vikings. Pembroke Welsh Corgis are a favorite of Queen Elizabeth II.