The Pomeranian's Origins and History Source: Wikipedia. Country/Region of Origin: Pomerania, in present day Poland and Germany Original purpose: pet, showdog; descended from sled dog breeds Name: nicknamed "Pom." Historical notes: The Pomeranian breed is actually descended from sled dogs. The breed's closest relatives are the much larger Norwegian Elkhound, Samoyed, and Spitzes. In Pomerania the dogs were bred to a housepet. Later, in England, the breed was further bred smaller to its present Toy status.