The Saluki's Origins and History Source: Wikipedia. Country/Region of Origin: Middle East Original purpose: hunting gazelle and hare in the desert Name: also known as Arabian Hound, Gazelle Hound, Persian Greyhound, and Persian Sighthound. Historical notes: Saluki dogs were greatly valued by their Arab owners. They would often sleep with their owners to spare them the extremities of the desert climate. They would often hunt in groups to take down their game. They were not mated with other breeds, in order to guarantee their purity.