The Scottish Deerhound's Origins and History Source: Wikipedia. Country/Region of Origin: Scotland Original purpose: sighthound for hunting Name: named for what they are bred to hunt, deer; also known simply as Deerhound Historical notes: Deerhound dogs were bred to run down their game, mainly deer, into exhaustion. For this reason they were bred to have stamina and speed. They are closely related to the Irish Wolfhound, the Russian Wolfhound, and other sighthounds. They were originally meant for the nobility which had high esteem for these big and mainly silent hunters.